May 6, 2021

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Types of Fishing Lures

Types Of Fishing Lures:
The artificial fly is typically used in fly fishing. Materials like feathers, thread, fur, and yarn are tied directly to a hook to resemble just about any type of salt or freshwater prey. They can be floaters and float on the surface or sinkers and sink below the surface.
Recommended Equipment: fly rod

Crankbaits
Crankbaits, sometimes called plugs are hard bodied lures that are made from wood or plastic. They can be hollow or solid, they can float, sink or have a neutral bouyancy. Some float on the surface and some dive. Some have thin bodies that create tight vibrations when reeled thru the water while others have fat round bodies that wobble when retrieved. Crankbaits usually have some sort of lip which contribute to the intensity of the wobble but affect the depth the lure dives when cranked in. Crankbaits can be used effectively when covering a lot of water fast or trying to locate fish. Crankbaits can be difficult  to fish around cover because they usually have 2 or 3 exposed treble hooks.
Recommended Equipment: 7′ – 7′ 5″ medium action rod varying reel speeds depending on conditions from a 3:1 – 5:1 ratio.

Jigs
Jigs are some of the most versatile lures on the market. They are simply a hook with a lead head. They normally have a skirt or plastic minnow body or a plastic worm or grub attached to the hook. Action is created by the fisherman. By pulling up on the rod and dropping it causes the jig to move, hence the name jig.
Recommended Equipment: 6” – 7′ Medium Heavy – heavy action rod 3:1 ratio reel.

Spinnerbaits
The spinnerbait uses flashes of light and vibrations in the water, created from a shiny spinning blade or blades.
There are basically 2 types of spinnerbaits: the in-line and the safety pin. The in-line is just as its name implies, the blade is in-line with the body. The safety pin type is bent at a sixty degree angle which allows the spinner to spin like a propeller above the lures body.

Swimbaits
The swimbait is made from soft plastic  and are designed to look and move like real baitfish. They normally have a hook run through the body and turned upward. They can be used on jig heads to add weight. Some have “paddle tails” that flutter when reeled imitating a swimming fish.

Lipless Crankbaits
Lipless Crankbaits are exactly that, they are thin bodied crankbaits without a lip. They have a very tight wiggle causing a lot of vibration when retrieved. These lures have a rattle chamber and give off a loud rattle when retrieved fast. The rattle is loud enough the sound can transfer through the water and be heard in the boat especially aluminum bodied boats. They are extremely versatile and great for covering water quickly.
Recommended Equipment: 7′ Medium Heavy with a medium fast action and a reel with a 6:1 – 7:1 ratio.
TECHNIQUES
Yo-yo it —
Try reeling this baits and jerking the rod tip up sharply then let the lure drop back down on a tight line, paying attention because the strike will usually happen on the fall.
Crawl it—
Work it along the bottom like a worm or jig. Let the lure settle to the bottom then pop it up off the bottom & let it flutter back down like a dying shad. Reeling it in slowly, when you feel a “tick” structure or grass give it a quick rip up of the rod tip which will clear off the hooks but will add to the resemblance of a struggle dying shad.
Burn it—
When fishing beside structure or weedbeds try reeling fast or “burning it” with sudden bursts by ripping the rod tip.
Jig it—
Work it like a jig or Carolina worm. Make a long cast and let it sink to the bottom, count 5-6 seconds then pop the rod tip up to 12:00 position and lower the rod tip back down to the 9:00 position allowing the lure to fall back to the bottom and sit another 5-6 seconds and repeat.

Spoons
Spoons are curved metal lures. The first spoons were actually made from spoons with the handle cut off. Spoons come in any color and size. The shape of this lure gives it its distinctive side to side wobble action like a wounded or injured baitfish. It attracts fish by reflecting light as it wobbles through the water.

Top Water Lures
Top water lures include any lure that stays on the surface when worked or floats on the surface and dips just under the surface when worked. Lures like stickbaits, poppers, chuggers, prop baits and buzz baits all fall in the category of top water baits. They are designed to act and look like prey either feeding or wounded on the surface above the fishes head to attract attention and entice a strike.
They can be wood, plastic, even metal. They make noise usually by moving water. The plip, plop, buzz, fizz, bubble and bloop to name a few noises from a top water bait.
TECHNIQUES
Try  a jerking type retrieve or a crank-pause-crank type reel with any of these lures except the “buzz bait”. Buzz baits need to be continually reeled to keep the on the surface and their blades churning the water.

Soft Plastic Lures
Soft plastics are just that soft pliable, squish able plastic lured that usually resemble some sort of forage. They look like: worms, bugs, lizards, crabs crawfish,  frogs, squid, fish. They’re very versatile.  You can swim them, jig them, bounce them, and even crawl them.
Recommended Equipment: 6” – 7′ Medium Heavy – heavy action rod 3:1 ratio reel.

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